Humans and other living things, need food to live. The food we eat serves to build up the body, regulate metabolism, body fluid balance, body resistance against disease, maintain body temperature, keeping in shape, and provide energy to stimulate muscles.
"What Vegetarian menu, we have all the nutrients the body needs to stay healthy?" To find out, we need to know the nutrition foods needed by the body. Nutrients needed for the network is divided into five groups, namely carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. In addition there are two kinds of other foods that do not include water and oxygen. Water serves as the main solvent digestion of food is transported throughout the body, oxygen is also needed for the oxidation of food to produce energy.
Requires a vegetarian to know all the nutrients the body needs, ranging from carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins also minerals, therefore good for new vegetarians to start learning to know exactly all the nutrients the body needs. Some of them already know the function, nature, symptoms, how to eat, and sources of nutrients that vegetarians are healthier than eating meat. With advances in medical science and medicine today, has been known in detail about the bad beef. A lot of beef that have adverse effects on human health, although many also benefited. Meat contains elements that can cause disease, which in turn would endanger and harm the body.
Almost all of the five groups consisting of basic nutrients, organic substances derived from plants and animals, water, mineral salts, and other elements from the soil. If separated, more or less consists of 43 types of organic elements. What is important is oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, potassium, sodium, magnesium, jodium, and other elements. And there is no food that contains all the elements in the full amount that can meet the needs of the body.
There are five groups of nutrients the body needs:
A. According to the numbers needed, nutrition is divided into 2 groups:
1. Macro Elements: namely carbohyfrate, protein, and fat.
2. Micro elements: mineral salts and vitamins.
B. According to the function in the body, nutrients are divided into three groups:
1. Energy source of nutrition: carbohyfrate, protein, and fat.
2. Nutrition-forming network / builder of the body: proteins, mineral salts, and water.
3. Regulators nutrients: protein mineral salts, vitamins and enzymes form.
Among the five major groups of nutrients, there are forty kinds of nutrients that can not be synthesized by our bodies, namely type 1 essential fatty acids, 15 vitamins, 14 kinds of minerals, and 10 kinds of amino acids.
Knowledge about nutrition is very important for the body, to maintain the health of vegetarians and prevention of disease caused by the wrong diet.
High thanks to Rano Kartono on drafting Diet Nutrition Food